Injection Moulding

  • Injection moulding (U.S
  • spelling: injection molding) is a manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting molten material into a mould, or mold
  • Injection moulding can be performed with a host of materials mainly including metals (for which the process is called die-casting), glasses, elastomers, confections, and most commonly thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers
  • Material for the part is fed into a heated barrel, mixed (using a helical screw), and injected into a mould cavity, where it cools and hardens to the configuration of the cavity
  • After a product is designed, usually by an industrial designer or an engineer, moulds are made by a mould-maker (or toolmaker) from metal, usually either steel or aluminium, and precision-machined to form the features of the desired part
  • Injection moulding is widely used for manufacturing a variety of parts, from the smallest components to entire body panels of cars
  • Advances in 3D printing technology, using photopolymers that do not melt during the injection moulding of some lower-temperature thermoplastics, can be used for some simple injection moulds.

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